The Gaiola Underwater Park

The Gaiola Underwater Park is an area of great interest, archaeologically and naturally because it juxtaposes ancient remains and biological colonies of animal and plant life flourishing in and around structures that have stood here since roman times. The Park has been set up in 2002 for archaeological reasons; in fact there are many remains of an ancient roman villa that lie underwater because of bradyseism, a geological phenomenon. It causes the lowering and the rising of the earth and of the sea level. We can assert that the coast line has been lowered of 3 – 4 meters since roman times. For this reason in this area it is possible to observe the remains of a roman harbour and of the roman moray eels ponds in addition to many others ancient structures. The visit of this park is interesting also from a geological point of view, because the hillside of Posillipo is the eastern limit of the volcanic area of the Phlegrean Fields. The overall morphology of the Phlegrean Fields is the results of the intensive eruptive activity of the enormous Phlegrean Caldera. In particular the massive presence of tuff is given by one eruption of 12.000 years ago, called the “Neapolitan Yellow Tuff Eruption”. In addition to all this aspect the safeguard of this area improved the environmental condition of the coastline, making it also an interesting environmental reserve.






Realizzazione: C.S.I. Gaiola onlus;   Testi: M. Simeone, P. Masucci;    Fotografie: M. Simeone, G. Villani, M. Mele

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